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2023: ECOWAS fears election may not hold in some parts of Nigeria

The Economic Community of West African States, ECOWAS, Commission has expressed the worry that elections may not hold in some parts of Nigeria owing to growing violence and escalating tension.

Ambassador Aderemi Ajibewa, Director of Political Affairs, ECOWAS Commission, gave the hint at an Inter-Party Advisory Council, IPAC, and other stakeholders meeting in Lagos on Wednesday.

Ajibewa said reports and data from the ECOWAS Early Warning and Response Network, ECO-WARN, and other open sources had increasingly indicated the potential for electoral violence and ranked Nigeria very high on political risk rating.

“It is in this regard that the ECOWAS Commission has mapped out its plans to have these training workshops and interactive engagements with critical political actors and stakeholders in all the geopolitical zones to achieve maximum impact.,” he said.

The training workshop was aimed at boosting the capacity of political actors and security agents to mitigate and manage election-related disputes and violence.

The objective of the training/workshops which are tagged: “Using Dialogue and Mediation as Tools for Preventing and Mitigating Election-Related Disputes and Violence”, goals is to provide a platform for IPAC members and stakeholders in the electoral process to brainstorm and collaboratively identify contending issues around the forthcoming 2023 elections and the possible roles they can play in mitigating potential electoral violence before, during and after the elections.

Giving his opening remarks, Ambassador Ajibewa said the training was planned as part of the ECOWAS Commission’s strategic support and intervention in the upcoming general elections in Nigeria.

Ajibewa informed that the ECOWAS Commission has developed a Dialogue and Mediation Handbook, elements of which will be used to facilitate these planned training workshops. He said participants are expected to acquire practical techniques and skills for dialogue and mediation as important tools for the management of electoral conflicts through role-plays and simulation exercises.

“The specific goals for these engagements include creating the opportunity for participants to appreciate the ECOWAS normative principles and frameworks for transparent and peaceful elections; sustain and enhance ECOWAS’ strategic engagement with the political process in Nigeria; and also, as an indication of our commitment and preference towards using dialogue and mediation in resolving electoral disputes and conflicts,” he added.

Ajibewa added that the objective of the training and interactive workshops, scheduled to hold between November and January 2023, was to strengthen the capacity of key stakeholders in their efforts at preventing and mitigating potential pre- and post-election-related disputes and violence, to ensure peaceful electoral outcomes.

He commended the recently signed Peace Accord on the prevention of violence and promotion of issue-focused campaigns by presidential candidates and chairpersons of political parties contesting the 2023 General Elections.

Ajibewa said ECOWAS believes that if all candidates, political parties and their supporters, and all stakeholders, resolutely live up to the content of the Accord and the Electoral Guidelines, Nigeria would indeed have a violent-free 2023 General elections.

Also speaking, IPAC Chairman, Engr Yabagi Yusuf Sani, who was a keynote speaker at the training, said Nigeria has not reached its political Eldorado because of the violence, thuggery, bloodshed, and palpable fear that usually accompanies every election year.

Sani further commended ECOWAS for organizing the 4-day training and interactive engagement With IPAC leaders from the southwest which he described as a timely and welcomed initiative.

“My keynote address will be incomplete and perhaps out of touch without the realities of the rising insecurity and the real threat it poses to the 2023 elections held in Nigeria.

“Although President Muhammadu Buhari and the service chiefs have assured that the 2023 general election will hold despite the security threats to the exercise in some parts of the country.

“However, Nigerians are reportedly worried about the spate of insecurity in the country. There are fears too that the election may not hold in some parts of the country where insecurity is yet to be curtailed.

“The Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC), has even confirmed the distressing security situation in its recent disclosure that 242 polling units with 142,261 registered voters in 10 local government areas in Katsina State were under serious security threat and may likely be affected in the forthcoming general election”, he said.

Giving the statistics, the chairman said reports credited to concerned civil society groups under the aegis of the Inter-agency Consultative Committee on Electoral Security, ICCES, indicated that INEC may be under constraint to conduct the 2023 elections in over 686 communities due to the activities of “unknown gunmen” across the federation.

“Findings by the group revealed that the affected communities and wards cut across 90 local government areas and 18 states of the country. Of the 686 affected communities, 618 were identified in the north alone while the South had 68.

“Not less than 336 affected communities were identified in the North-West region out of which 200 were in Zamfara State alone. In the North-East, 168 communities were identified, with Borno State having about 79 wards where elections may not be held.

“About 114 wards, mainly located in Kwara, Nasarawa, Niger, and Plateau states are affected in the North-Central zone.

“Similarly, 55 communities were identified as trouble spots in Abia, Anambra, and Imo states.  In the South-West region, the findings claimed that at least 10 communities were identified in Ondo State, especially in Owo and Ose councils and their environs.

“With the festering insecurity in some parts of the country, the security of INEC officials cannot be guaranteed. This might have informed the recent alarm raised by the chairman of INEC, Prof. Mahmood Yakubu,” he added.

Photo: Cross section of dignitaries at the workshop.

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